What Is Glaucoma and Glaucoma Treatment?
Glaucoma is a progressive vision disease that damages the eye's optic nerve and can lead to permanent blindness. More than 3 million Americans have glaucoma, and 2.7 million of them are age 40 or older. While glaucoma does not only affect older people, this is the primary demographic of people affected by the disease. There are a number of additional factors that increase a person’s risk of developing glaucoma, including African American, Russian, Hispanic, Japanese, Irish, or Scandinavian descent, poor vision, a family history of glaucoma, an injury to one or both eyes, and high blood pressure.
The symptoms of glaucoma depend on its type. With open-angle glaucoma, you may not have any symptoms at all until a significant amount of your vision is lost.
Symptoms of acute angle-closure glaucoma usually strike quickly and include the following:
- Severe eye pain
- Dilated pupils
- Vomiting and nausea
- Foggy or blurry vision
- Eye redness
- Halos around lights
Glaucoma treatment also depends on the type of glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma is a life-long disease, which means that you will need to visit your eye doctor regularly. This condition is usually controlled with eye drops, the purpose of which is to reduce eye pressure. In some cases, a doctor may also recommend a surgery that is also quite effective.
Acute angle-closure glaucoma is normally treated with laser therapy that gives permanent results and does not require extended therapy. The procedure is called iridectomy and is used for draining fluids in the iris. However, even after laser therapy, it is important to get your eyes checked regularly to prevent attacks in the future.
It is also important to know that all types of glaucoma treatment have potential benefits and risks. Therefore, you should always ask your optometrist and surgeon about risks, benefits, alternatives, and complications.
Taking Care of Your Eye Health at Saratoga Vision in Saratoga Springs, NY
If you have glaucoma or one of the above-mentioned symptoms of this disease, it is important to see an eye doctor as soon as possible. Saratoga Vision is the clinic that will find the best vision solution for you based on your needs. Our optometry staff is a team of professionals who are committed to ensuring the satisfaction and comfort of every patient. Therefore, if you live in Saratoga Springs, NY, and you need to see a highly-qualified optometrist, do not hesitate to contact us.