Cataracts are one of the many eye health issues that can cause vision impairment. Getting routine eye exams is vital in detecting cataracts early to prevent vision loss. At Saratoga Vision in Saratoga Springs, NY, our optometrist can detect cataracts through an eye exam. We will guide you on treatment and answer any questions you have. Our goal is to keep your eye health and vision at their best. Here are some commonly asked questions about cataracts.
What Are Cataracts?
Cataracts cause a blurring of the natural lens in your eye. They develop over time as you age. Side effects of cataracts begin as blurry spots in your vision, and may also extend to sensitivity to bright light, decreased brightness of colors and contrasts, a halo effect surrounding lights, and seeing double. Vision usually takes on a clouded effect, and white cloudy areas can sometimes be seen on the surface of your eye.
What Causes Cataracts?
The gradual wearing down of your eyes as you get older produces a drying effect, which is why cataracts typically occur in people age 60 or over. The lens slowly loses its supple quality and becomes hard as its protein components break down and leave white deposits. These opaque deposits block vision and also produce distortion effects, like blurring and rainbow effects around lights.
Are There Different Types of Cataracts?
Cataracts do occur in different ways, and are classified by differing signs and rates of development Cortical cataracts dry out the edges of the lens first and cause cracks that prevent light entering the eye on a straight path. As these cataracts form, the patient experiences cloudy spots and glare on the peripheral edges of vision first and may have trouble judging distances.
Posterior subcapsular cataracts begin on the back of the lens where it meets the lens capsule, and cloudy deposits here tend to affect vision more quickly than with other types of cataracts. This type causes difficulty reading and the halo effect around lights.
Nuclear sclerotic are the most common of all types of cataracts. The center of the lens shows milky deposits first and develops slowly, interfering with focus as well as causing blurry vision.
What Does Cataract Treatment Consist of?
The condition will not improve on its own. It is important to get routine eye exams so cataracts can be detected early, before they worsen. Cataract surgery offers the only way to reverse the effects. Our eye doctor will plan the timeline for treatment that best fits your needs. We typically recommend that a patient get cataract surgery once vision problems interfere with everyday tasks, and until then complications may be able to be treated with medication. Cataract surgery involves removal of the cloudy lens and insertion of a new clear lens specially created for you.
Visit Our Optometrist in Saratoga Springs, NY for Cataract Diagnosis
If you are experiencing symptoms of cataracts, our eye doctor will perform an eye exam. Our optometrist can detect this condition early and start managing it to prevent it from worsening. We will then guide you on the best course of treatment to preserve your vision. At Saratoga Vision, our team wants to keep your eyes healthy. We will answer any questions you have about cataracts and their treatment. Call us today to schedule an appointment.